Grand Paris Express
The Grand Paris Express is the new metro of the capital region. It is of unparalleled size, creating new momentum and multiplying economic, social and human opportunities throughout Grand Paris and beyond.
The Grand Paris Express project is already underway, involving the building of 200km of additional automatic metro lines and 68 new stations. The Grand Paris Express is set to link Paris’ three airports, as well as business districts and scientific clusters. By connecting the various areas of Metropolitan Paris with each other and the centre, and enabling all residents to commute to business districts and clusters, the new Metro is a growth driver for the capital region and France as a whole.
The overall cost of the Grand Paris Express is estimated at €24.9 billion. This will be allocated to the construction of new lines 15, 16, 17 and 18, as well as to the extension of line 14 to the north between Saint-Ouen and Saint-Denis Pleyel and the south between Olympiades and Orly.
The Grand Paris Express is set to boost the attractiveness and competitiveness of Europe’s leading economic region. The long term impact is estimated at 100 billion euros GNP, in addition to natural growth in the region and at least 115,000 new jobs. For all innovators and creators, this project is an opportunity to invent the mobility services of tomorrow and imagine a model for the 21st century city.
For each of the Grand Paris Express lines, the Société du Grand Paris wished to establish a direct dialogue with the public prior to public inquiries. This voluntary dialogue was held under the aegis of guarantors appointed by the National Commission for Public Debate. This initiative goes beyond the framework imposed on contracting authorities; it has ensured transparency, neutrality and fairness in public information. Six reinforced consultations were thus held between 2012 and 2015 for the entire network. They made it possible to share the results of the studies conducted by the Société du Grand Paris and to collect the remarks, opinions and queries of the public. Nearly 60 public meetings were organised bringing together more than 12,000 people. A dozen meetings allowed those behind the project to inform and to exchange information with a concerned public about the arrival of the future metro.
The Grand Paris Express provides an opportunity to create new synergies between digital technology and transport that are essential to the attractiveness of the region. Traversed by a pipeline of optic fibres and equipped with data-centres and cutting edge Wi-Fi and mobile networks, the Grand Paris Express is aiming to be the most digitally advanced metro in the world. Thanks to this digital highway, users, companies and local authorities will have access to a plethora of new collaborative and customised open-data services.
The Grand Paris Express is paving the way for a substantial increase in housing stock in Île-de-France. An analysis looking forward to 2040 shows that the creation of the metro, combined with a pro-active urban densification policy, will generate the building of between 10,000 and 15,000 housing units per year within 800m of future stations. This volume represents between 14% and 21% of the 70,000 housing units to be built each year to meet current demand in the region. In total, The Grand Paris Express will contribute to the creation of 250,000 to 400,000 housing units.
The construction of Grand Paris Express stations is accelerating the process of renovating neighbourhoods and reclaiming the industrial area around Paris. The presence of new stations is set to give added value to land that is currently underused, due to isolation and a lack of public transport. Landowners have already released land along the route of the future metro to enable the Société du Grand Paris, private developers and public housing authorities to start land development programs. Improved housing and the release of land in isolated areas provide incentives for developers and promoters to come to build the future of the capital region.
To remain among the top-ranked cities in terms of attractiveness, the French capital is set to expand into a 21st century world city:
- Close to Paris, the Stade de France office complexes and the future Olympic Village, Saint-Denis Pleyel station is the main connecting node of the Grand Paris Express.
- Paris-Orly airport located in the southern part of Île-de-France is getting ready for a complete overhaul. Its passenger capacity will increase by 2019 thanks to a series of building projects naturally revolving around the future Grand Paris Express station as lines 14 and 18 will terminate here.
- New schools and educational establishments are due to be built on the Paris Saclay campus, gradually attracting some 50,000 new students. University residences will also be built to accommodate them.
- EuropaCity is a flagship project in the Triangle de Gonesse, an area covering 700 hectares. From 2024 new leisure amenities will be accessible for everyone between Paris and Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport.
- The elliptical Villejuif Institut Gustave-Roussy station, designed by the architect Dominique Perrault, creates a link between the outside and the inside, between the ground level and the Grand Paris Express platforms.
- La Défense, Europe’s leading business district buzzes both day and night, largely thanks to the U Arena, a cultural and sporting complex right next to the Grande Arche.
Railway stations are a major challenge for the city of the future. Gateways to the new metropolitan transport network and future stations will also contribute to the development of the territories served. They will become emblematic places of Greater Paris. Consultations around the project have shown that the expectations of populations and local authorities are commensurate with the ambition of the Société du Grand Paris for railway stations.
The Grand Paris Express is the opportunity to build a new generation of stations that will take the best of what has been done in the world and will meet the challenges of sustainable mobility. They will be more than just stations punctuating the stops of an underground subway line, the Greater Paris stations will be efficient spaces offering easy access to other modes of transport.
For more information about the Grand Paris Express, visit: https://www.societedugrandparis.fr/projet